Poverty Alleviation among women and children

‘The use of children for the sexual gratification of adults. The basis of the exploitation is unequal power and economic relations between the child and the adult. The child is exploited for his or her youth and sexuality.’ (United Nations)

‘Any involvement of a child or young person below the age of 18 years in sexual activity for which remuneration in cash or in kind is given to the child or young person or to a third person or persons. The perpetrator will have power over the child by virtue of one or more of the following: age, emotional maturity, gender, physical strength, intellect.’ (Tink Palmer, Barnardo’s, 2001)

‘Sexual exploitation of children and young people under 18 involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people (or a third person or persons) receive ‘something’ (for example, food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affection, gifts, money) as a result of performing sexual activities and/or another performing sexual activities on them. Child sexual exploitation can occur through use of technology without the child’s immediate recognition, for example persuasion to post sexual images on the internet/mobile phone with no immediate payment or gain. In all cases those exploiting the child/young person have power over them by virtue of their age, gender, intellect, physical strength and/or economic or other resources. Violence, coercion and intimidation are common, involvement in exploitative relationships being characterised in the main by the child or young person’s limited availability of choice resulting from their social/economic and/or emotional vulnerability.’ (Sue Jago and Jenny Pearce, The University of Bedfordshire, 2008)