AGEGE REPORT SUMMARY
Mrs. Gbemisola Aduloju -: Safeguarding The Nigerian Child
Saffron in collaboration with youth corp members from Agege Local Government organised a safeguarding and child protection awareness/ publicity programme for their community development service(CDS) on Thursday 15th August, 2016. Together with these youths went round Agege Market to inform, educate and sensitize the public on Safeguarding and child protection. Flyers with our contact address and phone numbers were distributed to the public; they were also encouraged to seek help when necessary and report cases of child abuse/ molestation.
We stopped at vantage points to speak to them in different local languages for effective communication. We got positive responses and it was a successful outing.
Mrs. Gbemisola Aduloju -: The Saffron SDGF team collaborated with WEAN to deliver an interactive session on self esteem, rights and responsibilities to summer camp students in Alimosho High School in August 2016.
Activities such as group work, role playing and ice breakers were carried out with the use of resources: cardboards, paper stickers and markers to enhance their presentations. These activities were brilliantly executed which showed an evidence that learning took place. We had a successful outcome.
Safeguarding children is vital for all organisations that come in contact with children, as they all have a duty of care towards the children with whom they have contact with.
Having safeguarding ‘Policies and Procedures’ in place within an organisation, not only protects and promotes the welfare of children but also it increases the confidence of trustees, staff, volunteers, parents, carers and the general public.
Safeguarding children is beneficial to an organisation in many ways:-
• Protecting its reputation
• Helping to effectively meet its aims and objectives
• Protecting its finances.
Safeguards put in place in every organisation, should include:
• A Child Protection Policy and Procedures for dealing with issues of concern or abuse.
• A Designated Safeguarding Officer (DSO), responsible for all safeguarding and child protection information and advice. (Training available)
Saffron Social Development Global Foundation(SSDGF) priority in ‘Safeguarding the Nigerian Child’ (SNC) from maltreatment and all forms of child abuse, we aim to improve outcomes for children in 5 key areas:-
• Stay safe: keeping children and young people safe from maltreatment, neglect, violence, sexual exploitation, accidental injury, death, anti-social behaviour; giving them security, stability and care.
• Being Healthy: keeping children and young people physically, mentally, emotionally and sexually healthy.
• Enjoying and Achieving: ensuring children and young people attend, enjoy and achieve national standards at school, achieve personal and social development and enjoy recreation.
• Achieving Economic Well-being: ensuring children and young people engage in education or employment after leaving school, are ready for employment, live in decent homes, have access to transport and material goods, and live in higher income households.
• Making A Positive Contribution To Society: Make a positive contribution: ensuring children and young people are active and positive citizens, develop positive relationships, self-confidence and enterprising behaviour.
’EVERY CHILD MATTERS’!!!
There are children around us everywhere, suffering in silence and hoping someone will notice their plight and be bold enough to intervene. It is important for us to know what to look out for and to be able to identify a child who is suffering from or at risk of abuse.
Children and young people may not be believed when they talk about abuse. This does not mean they are lying. They just need someone who will believe them.
If you or anyone you know who is under 18 years of age is being abused or neglected, please pick up the phone and ring the following:
The Safeguarding the Nigerian Child (SNC) Helpline on: – 08099724453
‘Safeguarding Is Everyone’s Business’….It includes all children, including Children with Disabilities, in Homes, Schools, After School Clubs, Holiday Camps, School Trips, Hospitals, Mosques, Churches, Orphanages, Leisure Centers, Cinemas, Eateries, in our friends’ homes, at weddings, naming ceremonies, funerals, parties, at all our gatherings and on the streets.….etc. It is therefore Everyone’s Responsibility to safeguard a child or young person and promote his or her welfare and well-being.
We all have a safeguarding responsibility, whether you work directly or indirectly with children and young people or with adults who are parents or carers of children and young people.
Safeguarding is a relatively new term which is broader than ‘child protection’ as it significantly includes using early prevention strategies, interventions and programmes to ensure children’s welfare, health and well-being. They are also supported to develop in an environment where they feel secure, safe and are able to achieve their potential.
Child protection is part of safeguarding and promoting welfare. It refers to the activity that is undertaken to protect specific children who are suffering, or at risk of suffering ‘Significant Harm’.
All agencies working with children, young people and their families should take all reasonable measures to ensure that the risks of harm to children’s welfare are minimised. Where there are concerns about children and young people’s welfare, all agencies need to take appropriate actions to address those concerns. They are required to work to agreed local policies and procedures in full partnership with local, national and international agencies.
Children and young people can only be safeguarded properly if everyone involved with them effectively ‘Work Together’.
Areas of focus in Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children are:
• Protecting children from maltreatment;
• Preventing impairment of children’s health or development;
• Ensuring children are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care; and
• Undertaking that role so to enable the children to have optimum life chances and to enter adulthood successfully.
Safeguarding also covers a wider brief such as Child Safety, Accident Prevention, Protecting Children from Bullying, Recruiting suitable people to work with children and generally providing a nurturing environment for children.
‘The use of children for the sexual gratification of adults. The basis of the exploitation is unequal power and economic relations between the child and the adult. The child is exploited for his or her youth and sexuality.’ (United Nations)
‘Any involvement of a child or young person below the age of 18 years in sexual activity for which remuneration in cash or in kind is given to the child or young person or to a third person or persons. The perpetrator will have power over the child by virtue of one or more of the following: age, emotional maturity, gender, physical strength, intellect.’ (Tink Palmer, Barnardo’s, 2001)
‘Sexual exploitation of children and young people under 18 involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people (or a third person or persons) receive ‘something’ (for example, food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affection, gifts, money) as a result of performing sexual activities and/or another performing sexual activities on them. Child sexual exploitation can occur through use of technology without the child’s immediate recognition, for example persuasion to post sexual images on the internet/mobile phone with no immediate payment or gain. In all cases those exploiting the child/young person have power over them by virtue of their age, gender, intellect, physical strength and/or economic or other resources. Violence, coercion and intimidation are common, involvement in exploitative relationships being characterised in the main by the child or young person’s limited availability of choice resulting from their social/economic and/or emotional vulnerability.’ (Sue Jago and Jenny Pearce, The University of Bedfordshire, 2008)
SaffronSDGF is committed to working in partnership with the government, our stakeholders, Corporate Business Organisations (CBOs), Private Organisations, and non-governmental organisations to improve the quality and impact of initiatives with development partners in Nigeria and the Global Village.
Saffron Social Development Global Foundation (SaffronSDGF) is dedicated to achieving agenda 2030; by delivering and facilitating interventions and programmes towards the achievement of the United Nations Global Sustainable Development Goals. Ultimately, all of SaffronSDGF objectives and services continue to work towards supporting Nigeria in achieving ‘Goals 3, 4, 5 and 16’ of the Global SDGs.
Why Partner with SaffronSDGF?
As an organisation, we are accountable to our ‘Corporate and Funding Partners’ and the general public. We are mandated to periodically carry out evaluations and deliver a final report at the end of each intervention/programme. An annual internal and external financial audit, alongside our financial report will be made public in our ‘Annual Report’ each year.
We manage and monitor our projects stringently to ensure efficient utilisation of funds. Projects are also regularly evaluated by professionals to measure progress against plans.
We also facilitate regular meetings with project staff, partners, parents, children and community groups to enable us assess progress and effectiveness of service delivery.
Networking and Special Events
SaffronSDGF establishes effective relationships with the government, all our stakeholders, Corporate Business Organisations (CBOs), Private Organisations, and non-governmental organisations involved with interventions to ‘END CHILD VIOLENCE’ around the world and on a number of social issues, to bring about major positive outcomes in population and development.
Our Networking and Special Events Team will undertake special awareness and publicity events distributing general information leaflets, Education and Communication materials at our partner’s request on such occasions.
We focus on mobilisation and empowerment of communities. Our approach gets to the root cause of these developmental issues – such as non-functioning schools, unemployed parents, non-operational healthcare centres and so on that keep children away from their rights – and enable change that can sustain itself.
An agreed ‘Working Together Partnership’ agreement with SaffronSDGF can ensure that together, we can both work towards achieving our developmental and collective sustainable goals.
We will display your brand image (organisation’s logo) on our website as a ‘Child Focused and Socially Conscious Organisation’
This will also give your employees a ‘Sense of Fulfilment’ as working for employers that ‘Make a Difference’.
We invite you to come with us on this journey as we provide a service that raises awareness, educates, develops and impacts positively on the lives of all children in Nigeria and the world over.
We are committed to the support, development, co-ordination, implementation, monitoring and review of safeguarding and child protection practices; ensuring that effective child protection procedures within and between all agencies working with children and young people are in place.
Saffron SDGF will promote the following values through its work:
• All work undertaken is child-centred and that children’s welfare is promoted regardless of age, gender, sexuality, race, religion, ethnicity, disability or background.
• Safeguarding children is a shared responsibility and that effective multi-agency working is crucial to the positive discharge of these responsibilities
• Multi-agency training and capacity building promotes positive inter-agency working, relationships and understanding
• The importance of good information sharing practices are embraced
• The value of partnership and of wide-ranging consultation in the development of safeguarding policies and practices involving not only statutory and voluntary agencies, but also those who will be affected by the decisions that are made (children, parents and carers)
• The value of the public as agents for safeguarding and protecting children within the community
• The importance of monitoring and reviewing what we do, responding to situations that arise in our communities, learning from our actions, our mistakes and communicating learning outcomes in an open and honest way.
Making a Referral following the Identification of Child Abuse, Child Safety and Welfare Concerns
SAFEGUARDING AND CHILD PROTECTION CENTRE
Plot 46, Wale Taiwo Close, off Odunsami Street, Ogba, Ikeja, Lagos State Nigeria
Tel: +2348187612407 +234 8185993659 (UK) +44 7957455573
Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Making a Referral following the Identification of Child Abuse, Child Safety and Welfare Concerns
Duty to Refer
Practitioners, employees, managers, helpers, carers and volunteers in all agencies must make a referral to Children’s Social Care if it is believed or suspected that a child is suffering or is likely to suffer Significant Harm (There are no absolute criteria on which to rely when judging what constitutes significant harm. Sometimes a single violent episode may constitute significant harm but more often it is an accumulation of significant events, both acute and longstanding, which interrupt, damage or change the child’s development).
Harm is defined as the ill treatment or impairment of health and development. Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Emotional Abuse and Neglect are all categories of Significant Harm.
All Suspicions or allegations that a child is suffering or likely to suffer Significant Harm should result in a referral, followed by a Safeguarding Enquiry and Assessment (SEA).
Safeguarding Enquiry and Assessments are undertaken of the needs of individual children to determine what services to provide and action to take. They may be carried out:
- To gather important information about a child and family
- To analyse their needs and/or the nature and level of any risk and harm being suffered by the child
- To decide whether the child is a Child in Need of support from other organisations and/or is suffering or likely to suffer Significant Harm (direct intervention from government, other NGOs, welfare, child protection processes)
- To provide support to address those needs to improve the child’s outcomes or to make them safe. (One Assessment may be undertaken per child).
CONCERNS ABOUT SIGNIFICANT HARM
When there are concerns about Significant Harm, then the referral must be made immediately. The greater the level of perceived risk, the more urgent the action should be. The suspicion or allegation may be based on information, which comes from different sources.
- It may arise in the context of the Partnership Intervention Family Assessment (PIFA)
By working with our partners, we have developed a whole family assessment called the Partnership Intervention Family Assessment (PIFA). It enables us to assess all family members so that we can identify the right support for families and work together with other professionals to support them.
The PIFA will be used in joint investigations and assessments with our partner agencies working with children and families, where additional support may be required from them.
Resources and forms are available for professionals on our website, providing guidance, tools, templates, details of training and information on other services that can help families.
- It may come from a member of the public, the child concerned, another child, a family member or professional staff, regarding a single incident or a build-up of smaller concerns.
- The information may also relate to harm caused by another child, in which case both children, i.e. the suspected perpetrator and victim, must be referred.
The suspicion or allegation may relate to a parent, practitioner, volunteer or anyone caring for or working with the child – if so, (See Allegations against Persons who Work with Children (including Carers and Volunteers Procedure).
A referral must be made even if it is known that a ministry or an organisation is already involved with the child/family.
Advice and consultation may be sought about the appropriateness of the referral; if the case is open, from the allocated social worker. Alternatively advice may be sought from a Designated Senior Person or Named Practitioner from within the referrer’s own agency. Ultimately, from the ‘Director for Social Work and Child Protection’
Where consultation is sought and it is concluded that this meets the criteria for a referral the information provided so far must be regarded and responded to as a referral, and the referrer advised accordingly. The referrer must confirm their referral in writing within 24 hours.
SSDGF-Safeguarding the Nigerian Child is currently working to address the prevention of violence against children, with a particular focus on ‘Online Sexual Exploitation’ in Lagos and Nigeria as a whole through synergy with various organisations.
Research from various reports on sexual exploitation in Africa and particularly Nigeria, have identified an increasing number of children forced into prostitution and/or trafficked externally or internally within Nigeria for sexual purposes, highlighting a continued rise in child prostitution.
However, Nigeria’s noteworthy efforts to address the ‘Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) by legislating the Child Rights Act (CRA) and the Trafficking in Persons Law Enforcement and Administration Act (TIP Act), brought about the establishment of the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP).
Various NGOs in collaboration with the Nigerian Government have facilitated awareness campaigns for child trafficking and established anti-trafficking networks.
Investigations by Saffron’s researchers provided ample information gathered on child trafficking but relatively little on child prostitution, child pornography and online safety or exploitation.
Over time, Nigeria has earned the reputation as one of Africa’s leading centres for internal and cross-border human trafficking. Consequently, human trafficking has been identified as the third largest crime in the country, after economic crimes and drug trafficking.
Evidently there is a definitive link between child victims of prostitution, trafficking, pornography and online sexual exploitation. Therefore it is imperative that all organisations and government agencies working against child abuse/violence; collaborate and work in partnership together to ‘End Violence Against Children’ ‘Raising Standards, Protecting Children, Improving Lives for Better Outcomes